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Our comment on Bank of England interest rate rise

2 August, 2018

Commenting on today’s decision by the Bank of England’s Monetary Policy Committee to raise interest rates by a quarter of a percentage point, we urge policymakers to keep a close eye on the impact of higher rates on debt servicing costs, as even small changes can tip financially precarious households into difficulty.

Latest data from the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) shows that 34% of total outstanding mortgage debt (by value) is held on variable rates - with the proportion of mortgage borrowers who have variable rate mortgages likely to be even higher than this. The FCA data shows that the average rate currently being paid by a variable rate mortgage holder is 2.9%. If this rose by a quarter of a percentage point to 3.15%, a mortgage holder with a £150,000 repayment mortgage would pay around £20 a month more.

Among those StepChange clients with a mortgage, a £23 a month increase would mean around 1 in 10 could no longer have a balanced budget or a monthly surplus, and would be pushed into a negative budget with more money going out than coming in.

Phil Andrew, Chief Executive at StepChange Debt Charity, says:

"While a rise in interest rates might be right for the wider economy, from a consumer debt perspective many households are walking a precarious budget tightrope, as their incomes don’t stretch to cover the basics each month. These are the households that a rate rise will affect most.

"Policymakers mustn’t lose sight of what a rate rise means for real people on a tight budget. The fact that the wider economy can cope doesn’t always mean individual households can. Government and policymakers need to take parallel steps to ensure support is there for those who are negatively affected, especially if more rate rises are coming.”

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